Speech and Debate – Not the one with the dead bodies.
The Forensic League of Arizona, the state association of Speech, Debate, and Theatre coaches and teachers – Sponsors the Winter Trophy Tournaments.
The Arizona Interscholastic Association, the state governing body for most interscholastic athletics and activities, including sports, speech, chess, performing arts, etc. Sponsors the State Tournaments. www.aiaonline.org
Not the football league, but the National Forensic League, the national association of Speech and Debate. Sponsors the national tournament every June. www.nflonline.org
The National Federation of High Schools – Provides supplementary insurance and numerous resources to members.
The International Thespian Society – The Arizona chapter sponsors the Thespian Conference every November. Also organizes the 1-Act State Competition in February.
Joy Of Tournaments
The website that most tournaments use for entry registration. Also refers to the software used to set up and tabulate the tournaments. Created and maintained by Brent Hinkle of Dallas, Texas. www.joyoftournaments.com/az
Individual Events – Any event other than debate. Public Address, Limited Preparation, Interpretation and Acting events are all IE, even Duo Interp and Duo Acting.
Original Oratory – A ten minute public address memorized speech about an issue (usually value based) that affects society. This event is featured at Nationals.
Expository Speaking – A ten minute public address memorized speech usually informing the audience about a subject they may not know.
Extemporaneous Speaking – A 7 minute limited preparation speech where students get 30 minutes to prepare a speech on a current event topic. They are allowed to use materials that they have previously researched and brought to the tournament to prepare. This event is split into Domestic and International topics at Nationals.
A limited preparation speech where the students have 7 minutes to write AND deliver their speech. The topic is usually a quotation, a single word, an aphorism, or a common household item.
A ten minute interpretation of literature. The students use a manuscript to deliver the speech. Several poems may be used within the 10 minute presentation.
A ten minute interpretation of literature. The students use a manuscript to deliver the speech. These are usually short stories or pieces cut from a larger novel.
Humorous Interpretation – A ten minute interpretation of literature. This event is memorized. This may be from any genre of literature, but must have a humorous tone. This event is featured at Nationals.
Dramatic Interpretation - A ten minute interpretation of literature. This event is memorized. This may be from any genre of literature, but must have a dramatic tone. This event is featured at Nationals.
Usually means Duo Interpretation - A ten minute interpretation of literature. Two competitors perform. This event is memorized. This may be from any genre of literature. It can have any tone you want. This event is featured at Nationals.
An Arizona and Texas original – A ten minute time limit, including set-up and take down. Students perform a scene from a play, including costumes and props if they wish. They are provided with a table and 4 chairs.
Also called CX (Cross-Examination Debate) – The oldest of the debate events. Two students per side. The topic is year-long and is the most research-intensive of the debates. A typical round takes between 90 and 120 minutes.
Lincoln-Douglas Debate – One student per side. Intended to debate societal values rather than strict current events. Topics change every two months. A typical round takes 45 minutes.
Public Forum Debate – The newest debate. Two students per side. Topics change monthly. The topics usually evaluate a hot current topic. The format of the debate is more flexible than the others. A typical round takes 35-40 minutes.
Student Congress – Students compete in a debate intended to resemble a legislative body. Students debate mock bills and resolutions that they have created and submitted before the tournament. The only event where students choose the eventual winner. Usually takes place on Friday from 8:00-3:00.
Refers to a student who reaches the next round of competition, i.e. “I broke to semifinals in OO!”
The place where the tournament directors work the computers that run the tournament. The place to go if there are problems.
Where ballots are picked up before the round and dropped off once the round is complete.
Before Elimination rounds, the place where student results are posted for review.
The official score sheet for the round – Speech ballots have a master cover-sheet where you copy your rankings and speaker points
Where the student places in that round. First Place is best.
The quality of the student’s overall performance. The best speaker in the round is first place, but may have low speaker points.
The team awards at the end of the tournament.
A method of breaking ties in speech events that relies on converting the rank into a decimal. Don’t worry about the details. It’s too complicated to discuss here. Your tab staff knows what they’re doing.
The cumulative score of a speaker/debater. Lower scores are good in most events.
A tournament run by a school, not by one of the state or national governing bodies.
The adult who scores the speakers in the rounds or adjucates the debates. There is usually one judge in each preliminary round, and 3 judges in elimination rounds. Judges must be high school graduates.
The person who gives points for speeches in Student Congress
Parliamentarian – The adult who keeps Student Congress running according to Robert’s Rules of Order.
Presiding Officer – The student who is elected to preside over the Student Congress session.
Director of Forensics – The head coach of a speech and debate program. Not William Petersen.